Electric vehicles (EVs) use a motor to convert electric energy into mechanical energy, converting DC from the high voltage battery to 3-phase AC for propulsion.
The inverter, a power electronics device, plays a crucial role in EV efficiency. The onboard charger converts AC to DC for charging the battery. EVs also have a DC/DC converter for low voltage consumers.
Electric and electric cars use different air conditioning compressors, with electric cars using a high voltage device powered by the battery and ICE cars using a mechanical part.
Electric cars have simpler gearboxes and regenerative braking, while ICE cars use hydraulic brakes. Electric motors are simpler and require less maintenance, unlike internal combustion engines with multiple moving parts.
Electric vehicles (ICE) and electric cars share similar suspension, wheels, and tires. ICE cars have the same suspension design as their ICE stablemates, while electric cars use independent designs like multi-link, double wishbones, and McPherson struts.
Both types of vehicles have shock absorbers and springs to handle extra weight. Tires deliver low rolling resistance characteristics, while ICE wheels use "aero" designs to reduce aerodynamic drag.
The steering system in both ICE and EVs is similar, equipped with electromechanical systems that support advanced driver assistance systems like lane assist and autonomous parking.
ICE and electric cars differ in propulsion and components, but similarities exist due to common parts. Differences could lead to higher costs and slower adoption.